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FL1 Standard

The FL1Standard is one of the ANSI (American National Standards Institute) and NEMA (National Electrical Manufacturers Association) standard exclaimed to the product information of verschiedenenTaschen- and Headlamps manufacturer to make them comparable.

Every manufacturer measures and tests its products according to a clearly defined procedure. The uniform symbolization of different specifications, the products of various manufacturers are compared.

Lupine directed for several years by the ANSI measurement methods and lead in this year also the uniform labeling of products.

Beam Distance

The range is defined by the distance, in which the emitted light beam corresponds to 0.25 Lux yet. This value is measured a calibrated LUX meter with the help and in meters. Due to the very wide dispersion of our lamps here no best values are achieved in comparison to other competitors.

Beam Distance

​Light Output

The luminous intensity describes the total amount of light emitted and a lamp is measured in lumens. The measurement is made in an integrating sphere after 30 seconds burn time. Light output in this standard is expressed in units of lumens. We do the measurements in-house with our own integrated sphere.

​Light Output

Impact Resistance

The shock resistance of products is verified by a repeated drop test of one meter onto a concrete floor.

In order to pass the test five same products thereby meet six times from different angles the concrete and must not show any visible cracks thereafter.

Impact Resistance

Run Time

The runtime according FL1 standard is specified. By the period the lamp is in a defined stage to the time at which the light power is reached only 10% of the initial value The start of the measurement, as well as in the lumen measurement, 30 seconds after starting operation.

Run Time

Water resistance

This value indicates whether and to what degree is a lamp against the ingress of water managed. The FL1 Standard distinctively in 3 different categories:

Splash-proof (IPX4)

The test object is exposed to splash water from different directions at a certain pressure for a predetermined time, and this must be unscathed.

Water resistant (IPX7)

The test object must immerse in a water depth of one meter over a period of 30mins unscathed.

Submersible (IPX8)

The test object must emerge unscathed from a specified by the manufacturer of water depth (at least 1 meter) over a period of 4h.

Water resistance

Maximum brightness

The maximum brightness of a light beam is measured, irrespective of the distance from the light source in Candela and in contrast to the range. Candela = lux * (distance) ²

Maximum brightness